The Compulsory You Know About Stroke
MANY people know the word ‘stroke’, but perhaps only a few who understand it in depth, especially symptoms and risk factors. In fact, 80 percent of strokes were preventable.
Stroke or known in the medical designation Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) occurs when a blood vessel in the brain suddenly blocked or ruptured. When this happens, the blood fails to flow to the brain area which is a supplier of oxygen and nutrients to the body.
As a result, brain and nerve cells will die and the ability of an area controlled by the brain is lost. Patients with stroke may be paralyzed, unable to speak, and in a coma – depending on where the stroke occurred and how many brain regions are damaged.
“Stroke can happen to anyone, anytime. Typically, the symptoms of stroke appear suddenly; in seconds or minutes. Approximately two million brain cells die every minute during a stroke occurs, and this will increase the risk of permanent damage, disability or death , “explains Dr. Keith Goh, Consultant of Neurosurgery at the International Neuro Associates, Novena Medical Centre, Singapore.
Stroke is a major cause of disability in adults in the world today and one of the leading causes of death, after cancer and heart disease. The impact of disability occurs in 75 percent of stroke patients, which can degrade the performance of the patient.
The effects of stroke provides a relatively heavy burden for the family or caregiver of the patient, particularly in terms of treatment, because the patient needs assistance in all daily activities, like walking, eating, going to the toilet, and talk.
“The good news, 80 percent of strokes are preventable! Recognize the symptoms and act quickly in getting medical help can help save lives and reduce the occurrence of defects,” he added.
Here are some risk factors you need to know. Stroke is generally more prevalent in:
2. Aged over 50 years
3. Having excess fat deposits and body weight
4. Having high blood pressure and / or diabetes
5. Smoking, drinking alcohol, and often stressful
6. Lack of exercise
7. Having high levels of salt and fat
8. Eating a high salt
“Those who have a history of heart disease or relatives with heart disease is also a higher risk of stroke,” he said.